Divisions of the International Association of Applied Psychology

Most of the IAAP’s work is achieved through its Divisions, Standing Committees, and Task Forces. The Divisions pursue the scientific concerns of IAAP members working in various sub-fields of applied psychology. In 2012, the IAAP recognized the following 18 Divisions:

Division 1 – Work and Organizational Psychology

Focuses on understanding, explaining and shaping attitudes and behaviour in organizational settings and identifying conditions that promote motivation, creativity, competency, teamwork, leadership, health and wellbeing, as well as the central role of human resources in strategic organizational planning.

Division 2 – Psychological Assessment and Evaluation

Deals with the development of educational and psychological tests and their administration, the expansion of state and national educational testing programs, and the use of tests in work and clinical contexts. It also involves issues of test construction, administration and scoring, as well as adaptation from one language and culture to others.

Division 3 – Psychology and Societal Development

Is concerned in part with the ways psychology can contribute to human well-being at a societal level involving issues such as health, education, gender equality, ethnic tolerance, intergroup relations and even political disputes. Primary emphasis, however, is placed upon understanding how these are affected by different histories, cultures, ethnicities and epistemologies, and thus the call for applications of psychology to be cognisant of these differences.

Division 4 – Environmental Psychology

Examines the interactions between people and their physical settings and the effects that one has on the other. Emphasis is upon enhancing this relationship by improving society’s investment in the built environment (buildings, streets, parks, the atmosphere), and reducing its negative aspects, especially in areas such a poverty, crime, terrorism and climate change, for example.

Division 5 – Educational, Instructional and School Psychology

Aims to help every student achieve the highest possible degree of maturity, including intellectually, emotionally, physically and socially, and how this is influenced by factors ranging from family, school, community, society and culture to diverse teaching methods, curriculum and a school environment that promote curiosity and encourages creativity.

Division 6 – Clinical and Community Psychology

Clinical Psychology focuses on understanding, preventing, diagnosing and treating psychological, cognitive, emotional, developmental, behavioural and family problems in children, adolescents and adults. Community Psychology is concerned with building competencies, behavioural changes and agency in individuals, communities and societies, thereby enhancing the quality of life at all three levels.

Division 7 – Applied Gerontology

Is typified by three areas of interest: age (concerned with difference between people of different ages), aging (deals with changes in functioning across the life span), and the aged (focused upon the elderly). Essentially the aim is to help people adjust to age and aging so as to add life to years rather than years to life, especially through having a positive self-perception on aging and keeping active both physically and mentally.

Division 8 – Health Psychology

Focuses upon explaining and changing health-related behaviour and on the role of psychological processes in health, illness, and healthcare delivery. Topics include symptoms and their investigation; cognitive, emotional and behavioural responses to illness; cognitive behavioural interventions; and treatment behaviour.

Division 9 – Economic Psychology

Promotes and discusses research, as well as policy making, on the interface of psychology and economics including topics such as money management, spending, saving and credit use and debts as well as financial and psychological preparation for retirement, money and inflation, felt inflation and consumer spending, and contra-productivity such as tax non-compliance, shadow economy and fraud.

Division 10 – Psychology and Law

Although starting as a combination of the two separate disciplines of psychology and law, the field has emerged as one in its own right with its own epistemology, experimental techniques, and expertise. Within the field, however, there are two areas of specialisation. One is based upon experimental psychology, epitomised in research into eyewitness testimony. The other is clinically oriented of which an example is the assessment of recidivism.

Division 11 – Political Psychology

Examines human behaviour in a wide spectrum of settings, mainly national and international, in which psychology and political matters converge. Topics, for example, range at one level from voting behaviour and political extremism through to nuclear threat and terrorism, and at another from their associated motives and attitudes (such as changing attitudes, especially among adolescents, to war and peace) through to conflict resolution and negotiation.

Division 12 – Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology is concerned with the study and application of psychological and mental factors that influence and are influenced by participation in physical activity in general, and in sport, exercise and physical education. Sport psychology may be divided into three main areas: psychology of motor learning, exercise psychology and applied sport psychology. Each of these areas has contributed substantially to the understanding of humans in movement.

Division 13 – Traffic and Transportation Psychology

Traffic and Transportation Psychology is substantially concerned with the what, the how, and the why of road safety. As well it is heavily involved in the field of evaluation of countermeasures, including work in simulators where research is often multi-disciplinary in nature involving engineers and statisticians. Specific areas in which Traffic Psychology is particularly visible include seat belts, behavioural measures relating to enforcement, the development of road signage, speed limits, driver distraction, and the older driver licensing question (when should people quit?).

Division 14 – Applied Cognitive Psychology

Concerns applications of cognitive studies arising out of interactions with allied fields such as cognitive ergonomics, psychophysics, cognitive neuropsychology, engineering psychology, human factors engineering, cognitive engineering, new information technologies, computer supported cooperative work (CSCW), cyberspaces and virtual life research, neuro-ergonomics, psychology of learning and instruction, natural language processing (speech competence, reading, writing), the legal process (eye-witnesses, face and voice identification), decision making, conflict resolution as well as creativity research and training.

Division 15 – Psychology Students

Aims to promote and support a network of students who share a common interest in international development, teaching, trends, applications, and research in applied psychology. Activities include exchanging scientific knowledge; sharing useful information for students such as mobility programmes, scholarships, research grants, study and work abroad; and promoting international and cross-cultural research.

Division 16 – Counseling Psychology

Aims to help individuals, families, groups and organizations with their educational, developmental and adjustment concerns and in so doing employs a wide range of assessment and intervention strategies. Generally speaking clients experience moderate adjustment and psychological problems as opposed to severe psychopathology, interventions are short-term, service is out-patient rather than in-patient, the context is frequently educational or work, and emphasis is upon preventative interventions.

Division 17 – Professional Psychology

Places a strong emphasis upon evidence-based practice and covers a wide range of matters of central interest to practicing psychologists. These include accreditation, registration, quality and standards, supervision and mentoring, ethics, service delivery, workplace conditions, advertising standards, technological orientation, and political orientation and advocacy.

Division 18 – History of Applied Psychology

Fosters an historical approach to understanding, developing and reinforcing the institutional identity of our discipline. It encourage the preservation of technical reports in congresses and journals, qualitative and quantitative data collection procedures, and archival technique to keep safe documents that may well serve to maintain the identity of a tradition, a school or a national development.

For more information about the International Association of Applied Psychology, please visit the IAAP website (http://www.iaapsy.org/).

IAAP Divisions Matching with CPA Sections

IAAP Divisions by Number & Name

Purpose of Division

Matching CPA Section(s):

Title

1: Work & Organization Psychology

Focuses on understanding, explaining and shaping attitudes and behaviour in organizational settings and identifying conditions that promote motivation, creativity, competency, teamwork, leadership, health and wellbeing, as well as on the central role of human resources in strategic organizational planning.


Industrial / Organizational Psychology

Psychology in the Military

2: Psychological Assessment & Evaluation

Deals with the development of educational and psychological tests and their administration, the expansion of state and national educational testing programs, and the use of tests in work and clinical contexts. It also addresses issues of test construction, administration and scoring, as well as adaptation from one language and culture to others.


Educational and School Psychology

3:
Psychological & Societal Development

Is
concerned with the ways psychology can contribute to human well-being at a societal level, with a focus on issues such as health, education, gender equality, ethnic tolerance, intergroup relations and even political disputes. Primary emphasis, however, is placed upon understanding how these are affected by different histories, cultures, ethnicities and epistemologies, and thus the call for applications of psychology to be cognizant of these differences.

Social and Personality

4: Environmental Psychology


Examines the interactions between people and their physical settings and the effects that one has on the other. Emphasis is upon enhancing this relationship by improving society’s investment in the built environment (buildings, streets, parks, the atmosphere), and reducing its negative aspects, especially in areas such a poverty, crime, terrorism and climate change, for example.


Environmental Psychology

5:
Educational, Instructional & School Psychology

Our interest is the application of psychology in educational settings. We examine how and why humans learn and achieve and we seek to maximize the effectiveness and quality of educational interventions through the development of scientific models. This also encompasses related factors and processes such as motivation and engagement and the measurement and assessment of these. Educational, instructional and school psychology are scientific and evidence-based disciplines concerned with the development, evaluation, and application of principles and theories of human learning and achievement. As such, our discipline draws on knowledge across educational, medical, psychological, sociological and cognitive science fields.

Work by our members aims to help practitioners to make effective decisions about the best instructional strategies to meet the specific needs of their diverse learners. Researchers and practitioners in our field contribute to a wide variety of specialties, such as instructional and curriculum design, organizational learning, classroom management, psycho-educational counseling, educational interventions - all aimed at achieving a better understanding of students and their learning.


Educational and School Psychology


Teaching of Psychology

6:
Clinical & Community Psychology


Clinical Psychology focuses on understanding, preventing, diagnosing and treating psychological, cognitive, emotional, developmental, behavioral and family problems in children, adolescents and adults. Community Psychology is concerned with building competencies, behavioral changes and agency in individuals, communities and societies, thereby enhancing the quality of life at all three levels.


Clinical


Community


Clinical Neuropsychology

7:
Applied Gerontology

Is
typified by three areas of interest: age (concerned with difference between people of different ages), aging (deals with changes in functioning across the life span), and the aged (focused upon the elderly). Essentially the aim is to help people adjust to age and aging so as to add life to years rather than years to life, especially through having a positive self-perception on aging and keeping active both physically and mentally.

Adult Development and Aging

Psychologists and Retirement

8: Health Psychology

Focuses upon explaining and changing health-related behaviour and on the role of psychological processes in health, illness, and healthcare delivery. Topics include symptoms and their investigation; cognitive, emotional and behavioral responses to illness; cognitive behavioral interventions; and treatment behaviour.

Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine

9: Economic Psychology

Promotes
and discusses research, as well as policy making, on the interface of psychology and economics including topics such as money management, spending, saving and credit use and debts as well as financial and psychological preparation for retirement, money and inflation, felt inflation and consumer spending, and contra-productivity such as tax non-compliance, shadow economy and fraud.

10: Psychology & Law


Although starting as a combination of the two separate disciplines of psychology and law, the field has emerged as one in its own right with its own epistemology, experimental techniques, and expertise. Within the field, however, there are two areas of specialization. One is based upon experimental psychology, epitomized in research into eyewitness testimony. The other is clinically oriented of which an example is the assessment of recidivism.

Criminal Justice Psychology

11: Political Psychology

Examines human behaviour in a wide spectrum of settings, mainly national and international, in which psychology and political matters converge. Topics, for example, range at one level from voting behavior and political extremism through to nuclear threat and terrorism, and at another from their associated motives and attitudes (such as changing attitudes, especially among adolescents, to war and peace) through to conflict resolution and negotiation.

Social and Personality

Extremism and Terrorism

12: Sport Psychology

The Division, established in 1994, is an interdisciplinary organization that brings together applied psychologists, exercise and sport researchers, educators, and students among others interested in the field of applied Sport Psychology. Our main purpose of is contributing to the development and advancement of international Sport Psychology through the IAAP.

Sport Psychology is concerned with the study and application of psychological and mental factors that influence and are influenced by participation in physical activity in general, and in sport, exercise and physical education. Sport psychology may be divided into three main areas: psychology of motor learning, exercise psychology and applied sport psychology. Each of these areas has contributed substantially to the understanding of humans in movement.

Sport and Exercise Psychology

13: Traffic & Transportation Psychology

Traffic and Transportation Psychology is substantially concerned with the what, the how, and the why of road safety. As well it is heavily involved in the field of evaluation of countermeasures, including work in simulators where research is often multi-disciplinary in nature involving engineers and statisticians. Specific areas in which Traffic Psychology is particularly visible include seat belts, behavioral measures relating to enforcement, the development of road signage, speed limits, driver distraction, and the older driver licensing question (when should people quit?).

14: Applied Cognitive Psychology

Concerns applications of cognitive studies arising out of interactions with allied fields such as cognitive ergonomics, psychophysics, cognitive neuropsychology, engineering psychology, human factors engineering, cognitive engineering, new information technologies, computer supported cooperative work (CSCW), cyberspaces and virtual life research, neuro-ergonomics, psychology of learning and instruction, natural language processing (speech competence, reading, writing), the legal process (eye-witnesses, face and voice identification), decision making, conflict resolution as well as creativity research and training.

Brain & Cognitive Science

15: Students

Aims to promote and support a network of students who share a common interest in international development, teaching, trends, applications, and research in applied psychology. Activities includeexchanging scientific knowledge; sharing useful information for students such as mobility programmes, scholarships, research grants, study and work abroad; and promoting international and cross-cultural research.

Students

16: Counseling Psychology

Aims to help individuals, families, groups and organizations with their educational, developmental and adjustment concerns and in so doing employs a wide range of assessment and intervention strategies. Generally speaking clients experience moderate adjustment and psychological problems as opposed to severe psychopathology, interventions are short-term, service is out-patient rather than in-patient, the context is frequently educational or work, and emphasis is upon preventative interventions.

Counseling

17: Professional Practice

Places a strong emphasis upon evidence-based practice and covers a wide range of matters of central interest to practicing psychologists. These include accreditation, registration, quality and standards, supervision and mentoring, ethics, service delivery, workplace conditions, advertising standards, technological orientation, and political orientation and advocacy.

Psychologists in Hospitals and Health Centres

18: History

Fosters an historical approach to understanding, developing and reinforcing the institutional identity of our discipline. It encourages the preservation of technical reports in congresses and journals, qualitative and quantitative data collection procedures, and archival technique to keep safe documents that may well serve to maintain the identity of a tradition, a school or a national development.

History and Philosophy

CPA Sections Not-Matching with Any IAAP Division

CPA Section Name

Purpose / Mission of Section

Quantitative Electrophysiology

The primary aim of this Section is to bring together psychologists with interest in research and therapy pertaining to neuroplasticity. Psychophysiological processes related to neuroplasticity include, but are not limited to quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG), peripheral biofeedback, EEG biofeedback (neurofeedback), hemoencephalography, and evoked potentials. Neurofeedback includes both surface or scalp training, and training using Low Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography (LORETA). In addition, Heart Rate Variability training is gaining significant interest and is included as a topic within this section, as is pulsed electromagnetic field stimulation. Related topics, such as the comparative studies between EEG neurofeedback and real-time fMRI neurofeedback are also included.

Quantitative Methods

Advance teaching and research on the quantitative analysis of psychological data.

Section on Women and Psychology (SWAP)

The Section on Women and Psychology (SWAP) creates a community of researchers, teachers, and practitioners interested in the psychology of women and feminist psychology, to advance the status of women in psychology, to promote equity for women in general, and to educate psychologists and the public on topics relevant to women and girls.

Family Psychology

The realm of family psychology deals with the multiple ways in which family relationships, societal institutions, biological factors, and cultural factors mutually influence one another throughout the life span. Family psychologists have interests in a number of domains, including marital, parental, and sibling relationships, the impact of normative and non-normative stressors on family functioning, and the treatment of psychological and medical problems within a family context.

Traumatic Stress

The purpose of the Traumatic stress section is to promote evidenced-based mental health assessment and treatment, educate the public about the importance of appropriate traumatic stress treatment and research, and actively encourage the involvement of appropriate public and private sector agencies in the development of effective policies and procedures to address the psychological effects of traumatic stress within the Canadian population.

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

This Section will advance knowledge and understanding of lesbian, gay, bisexual, intersex, trans, heterosexual and queer issues in psychology and allied disciplines. Topics that fall within the remit of this Section include: sexual identities and practices, trans/gender identities and practices, relationships, families, LGBTQ studies, queer theory, counseling/psychotherapy that promotes healthy sexualities and genders, attitudes, prejudice and discrimination, health, body image, media, violence, intergroup relations, the intersection of sexualities, genders and other important demographic characteristics/lines of power (e.g. class, disability, race/ethnicity, age, religion). Please note that a strongly non-pathologizing stance will be taken whilst remaining inclusive of the variety of positions in the field and encouraging vigorous debate.

Rural and Northern Psychology

The purpose of the Rural and Northern Psychology Section is to support and enhance the practice of rural and northern psychology.

International and Cross-Cultural Psychology

Our mandate began with an initial agenda for the 1981 conference considering the following activities:

  1. Presentation of Current Cross-Cultural Research , in symposia or seminars by Canadian Psychologists currently engaged in these activities
  2. Conversation hour led by some prominent people in the field
  3. Business-Membership meeting
  4. Social Hour in conjunction with the International Council of Psychologists, the International Association of Cross-Cultural & the Inter-American Psychology Association
  5. It was also suggested that this interest group (Section) might be able to host colleagues from abroad who visit our country.

Aboriginal

The purpose of the Aboriginal Section is to:

  1. establish a community of psychologists and students interested in research, clinical practice, and teaching issues relevant to Aboriginal people;
  2. to acknowledge the historical and political issues that impact Aboriginal mental health;
  3. to share the strengths and practices of Aboriginals to promote holistic health and healing; and
  4. to advocate for culturally appropriate research and clinical practice for Aboriginal people across Canada.

Developmental

The Development Psychology Section (DPS) is organized to advance our knowledge in Developmental Psychology (DP), to influence public policy, and to provide opportunities for professional, educational, and societal development in our area.