Invited Congress Speakers

CPA/IAAP PAST PRESIDENTS SERIES


John B. Conway

Dr. John B. Conway

Keynote: An Oral History of the Development and Growth of Clinical Psychology in Canada Over 60 Years

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Abstract: I have interviewed over one hundred notable Canadian psychologists over the past five years as part of an oral history of the discipline for the Canadian Psychological Association. Forty-two of these are clinical psychologists, practitioners and academics, including many of the pioneering clinical psychologists from the 1960s. In this address I describe the early development of clinical psychology in Canada in the 1960s, and it’s tremendous growth in the decades following. Video clips from interviews with several of those instrumental in the early development of clinical psychology (e.g. Wes Coons, Harvey Brooker, James Nickles, Richard Steffy, Janel Gauthier) breath some life into this history. In addition, video clips from a number of prominent scientist-practitioners of recent decades (e.g., Keith Dobson, Brian Shaw, Les Greenberg, Jack Rachman, James Ogloff, Ken Craig) illustrate the strength and diversity of clinical psychology in Canada.

Bio: Historian, Canadian Psychological Association


Kenneth Craig

Dr. Kenneth Craig, CPA President 1986-1987

Keynote: Reflections On A Career As A Pain Scientist And Clinician: Valuing The Psychosocial

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Abstract: One cannot fail to be alarmed by the serious personal, social, public health and economic challenges posed by inadequately controlled acute and chronic pain, whether working clinically or studying the research literature. Pain is often ignored, unrecognized, underestimated, inadequately assessed and managed, and questioned by others. Working with vulnerable populations, infants and young children, people with intellectual disabilities or cognitive impairment, makes this particularly conspicuous. Systemic problems can be identified, e.g., inadequate resources in the health and social services systems, or faulty health care professional education, but as a psychologist one becomes concerned about our conceptual approach to understanding and controlling pain. The biopsychosocial model is often acknowledged, but, in reality, a narrow biomedical perspective typically overshadows attention to psychological and social determinants of pain. As a clinical psychologist working on multidisciplinary teams, it became clear that attending to the emotional, cognitive, behavioural and social determinants of pain experience, expression and disability provides powerful therapeutic leverage. But, the best evidence for the powerful impact of psychosocial factors comes from careful research examining determinants of exposure to pain, how it is experienced and expressed, and how clinicians, family members and others react to people in pain. Evidence of this is burgeoning; illustrations will demonstrate the importance of socialization of individual differences in pain disability, and the role of self-representation and observer biases and nonverbal communication in understanding pain in. Quality of care provided to the large numbers of people suffering acute and chronic pain is dependent upon attention to psychosocial variables.

Bio: Kenneth D. Craig, O.C., Ph.D., LL.D. (Hon.). Dr. Craig’s research over several decades has focused upon social parameters of pain experience, expression and care delivery, nonverbal communication, and pain assessment in infants, children and people with communication limitations. He has worked extensively with people suffering from chronic pain. He presently is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of British Columbia, with his current research supported by CIHR, NIH, and the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research.

Affiliation: University of British Columbia


Keith Dobson

Dr. Keith Dobson, CPA President 1993-1994

Keynote: Modeling Psychopathology In The Laboratory: How Basic Research Can Validate Clinical Models

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Abstract: Clinical psychology rests on models of human behavior and psychopathology. These models can be derived from theory and rational considerations of human experience, inferred from clinical practice and trials, or explored in pseudo and fully experimental paradigms in the laboratory. The current presentation focuses on the clinical issue of depression, and the ways in which laboratory based research have propelled the field of depression. . The genesis of modern models of depression will be briefly reviewed, and some of the major hypotheses associated specifically with the cognitive model of depression will be highlighted. A program a research which has examined basic cognitive processes in the laboratory will be reviewed, and their direct implications for cognitive models of depression will be highlighted. Specifically, research that examined the interaction between cognition and life events, studies of cognitive complexity,and computerized tests of attentional bias will be described and examined as exemplars of this approach to psychopathology. It will be argued that laboratory models, if conducted in a manner that reflects clinical experience and are ecologically valid, have highlighted important mechanisms of change that then can be translated into clinical models of change, and even treatment. Limitations of this approach, and ethical considerations in psychopathology research are also considered.

Bio: Dr. Dobson is a Professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Calgary in Canada, where he has also served in other roles, including Head of Psychology and Director of the Clinical Psychology program. His research has focused on both cognitive models and mechanisms in depression, and the treatment of depression, particularly using cognitive-behavioural therapies. A current focus of his work is on the prediction and prevention of relapse in depression. Dr. Dobson’s research has resulted in over 250 published articles and 80 chapters, 13 books, and numerous conference and workshop presentations in many countries. In addition to his research in depression, Dr. Dobson has recently been engaged in the examination of psychological approaches and treatments in primary care. This work has resulted in research that is related to the integration of evidence-based treatments in family practice. Further, he has written about developments in professional psychology and ethics, and has been actively involved in organized psychology in Canada, including a term as President of the Canadian Psychological Association. He is a Past-President of both the Academy of Cognitive Therapy, and the International Association for Cognitive Psychotherapy. Dr. Dobson is also a Principal Investigator for the Opening Minds program of the Mental Health Commission of Canada, with a focus on stigma reduction related to mental disorders in the workplace. This work includes evaluations of a number of programs, and spans a variety of types of employers (e.g. police, oil and gas industry, manufacturing, colleges and universities) across Canada. Among other awards, he has been given both the Canadian Psychological Association’s Award for Distinguished Contributions to the Profession of Psychology, and the Donald O. Hebb Award for Distinguished Contributions to the Science of Psychology.

Affiliation: University of Calgary


Dr. Michael Frese

Dr. Michael Frese, IAAP President 2002-2006

Keynote: How to use science-based theories to develop training concepts for reducing poverty in developing countries

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Abstract: Essentially, success in entrepreneurship is driven by active actions (in contrast to being reactive). We use the concept of Personal Initiative (PI) to understand active actions. PI includes behavior that is self-starting, future oriented (thinking of opportunities and problems in the future and preparing for them now), and overcoming barriers/persistence. Empirically, there are good reasons to accept the idea that a higher degree of active performance is related and predictive of entrepreneurial success.

Based on a facet theory of Personal Initiative (Frese & Fay, 2001), we developed an entrepreneurship training that proved to be successful in randomized controlled experiment with micro-entrepreneurs. The training increases success by about 25- 30% one or two years after the training.

The best study so far we did was a randomized controlled treatment in Togo with about 1500 participating entrepreneurs. Three group were studied 5 times across 2 years: Before the intervention, and then 4 times after the intervention. Two different training group were a) a traditional business training, b) a personal initiative training that I had developed and both were compared to a non-training control group. The personal initiative training group developed their profits significantly better than the traditional business training and the control group. This shows that this training can be successful.

Having established the efficacy of PI training, we now have to turn to studying further policy relevant research questions.

Bio:

  • Currently Professor and Head of Dept. Management und Organization, NUS Business School (National University of Singapore) and Professor for Psychology, particularly Entrepreneurship and Innovation, at Leuphana University of Lueneburg
  • Earlier appointments, chairs, and long-term visiting professorships: University of Pennsylvania, University of Munich, University of Giessen, University of Amsterdam, London Business School, Markerere University Business School
  • Author of approximately 150 scientific articles, 200 book chapters and ca 30 books and edited special issues
  • Publications e.g., in SCIENCE, AMJ, JAP, PP, AMLE, JPSP, JBV, ROB, JOB, JVB, JOOP, and APIR
  • More than 50 invited keynote addresses at international conferences, and ca 400 scientific talks and colloquia
  • Most-cited management scholar in Germany and Asia-Pacific region; among 10 most-cited organizational behavior and entrepreneurship researchers worldwide (h=index 91; ca 36,000 Google citations) (http://scholar.google.com.sg/citations?user=AvzNfqsAAAAJ&hl=en) (WoS: 7400 cites)
  • Ranked third in life time publications among German management professors (BWL-Handelsblatt-Rankings 2012, 2014) and among the five most cited economists in Germany (Scopus Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Ranking on Research 2015, 2016, 2017; the German term economist includes management)
  • Member of the German National Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina); elected Fellow of the following scientific organizations: Academy of Management, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (APA), International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP), and Association for Psychological Science (APS); President of the International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP) 2002-2006.
  • Most important Awards: Best Researcher Awards at NUS Business School and Leuphana University, 2012; 2015 Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award by Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP); Greif Research Impact Award given to researchers who published the most impactful entrepreneurship article six years ago in the top management and entrepreneurship journals (Rauch, Wiklund, Lumpkin & Frese, 2009), Academy of Management, Entrepreneurship Division, August 2015; The 2016 Emerald Africa Academy of Management Trailblazer Award (3rd Biennial Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, January, 2016), 2016 Hogan Award for Personality and Performance (Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Conference, 2016) (Li, Fay, Frese, Harms & Gao in JAP 2014), 2016: Distinguished Career Contributions Award of the German Psychological Association (50. Congress of the German Psychological Association in Leipzig Oct 2016); 2016, Entrepreneurship division career award: The Dedication to Entrepreneurship Award (awarded at The 76th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management - August 5-9, 2016 - Anaheim, California, United States).
  • More than 500 talks, research and consulting projects in industry (e.g. for almost every DAX-listed company in Germany; and various companies in Asia, particularly Singapore and Malaysia)

Affiliation: National University of Singapore, Business School and Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Germany


Janel G. Gauthier

Dr. Janel G. Gauthier, CPA President 1996-1997, 1997-1998. IAAP President, 2014-2018

Focus of Lecture: Psychological ethics: The mechanisms of moral disengagement and the maintenance of moral standards

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Abstract: The moral standards people adopt serve as guides for conduct and deterrents for detrimental activities. They do things that bring them satisfaction and a sense of self-worth, and refrain from violating their moral standards because such conduct brings guilt and self-condemnation. However, moral standards do not function as an unwavering regulator of moral conduct. There are many psychosocial maneuvers by which people selectively disengage moral self-sanctions from detrimental conduct. Advances have been made in the identification and understanding of the mechanisms of moral evasion. Furthermore, a variety of measures designed to reduce the likelihood that moral disengagement goes unnoticed and unchecked has been studied. The purpose of this address is two-fold: (a) to review the mechanisms of moral disengagement and discuss their implications for the maintenance of moral engagement; and (b) to review the interventions developed to defeat moral disengagement and discuss their implications for the maintenance of moral standards. Disengagement practices do not instantly transform considerate people into inconsiderate ones. Rather, the change is achieved by progressive disengagement of self-censure. Psychologists are not immune against moral disengagement. Research has shown that motivations in resolving ethical dilemmas may be influenced by mechanisms of moral disengagement. To maintain oneself as an ethical psychologist, it is important to learn about those mechanisms and the strategies to defeat them.

Affiliation: IAAP President 2014-2018
CPA President 1996-1997, 1997-1998
School of Psychology, Laval University, Québec, Canada


Dr. Michael Knowles

Dr. Michael Knowles, IAAP President 2006-2010

Keynote: IAAP’s Divisions and its Committees and Task Forces: The course of their development 1974-2018

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Abstract: This paper considers the course of development of IAAP’s Divisions and its Committees and Task Forces over nearly five decades from 1974-2018. It traces their founding and the different means by which this occurred, discusses the growth of their internal organization and the various forms and sub-cultures that were opted for, reviews their external adaptation and the relations developed with other international organizations, and examines how the Divisions on the one hand and the Committees and Task Forces on the other complement each other in making IAAP the organization it is today and giving it its distinctive vigour and vitality.

Bio: Michael Knowles is a prior President of IAAP. He was elected onto the Association’s Board of Directors in 1986, was elected as Secretary General in 1990, and then served for the presidential triumvirate of President Elect 2002-2006, President 2006-2010, and Past President 2010-2014. The present Address is based upon this experience as well as informed comment obtained over recent years from numerous previous senior figures of the Board, all for the purpose of recording and preserving different aspects of IAAP’s rich institutional memory.

Affiliation: Monash University, Australian Psychological Society


Catherine Lee

Dr. Catherine Lee, CPA President 2008-2009

Symposium: Offering parenting supports to vulnerable families: Having an evidence-based program is just the first step.

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Abstract: Positive parent-child relationships are essential to healthy child development. Decades of research have established that parenting programs based on social learning principles are both efficacious and effective in enhancing the use of positive parenting practices, reducing the use of coercive parenting, improving child adjustment and reducing parent stress. Furthermore, benchmarking studies have established that these programs are transportable to other countries and contexts. Unfortunately, many programs do not reach the parents who most need them: those who are isolated, living in poverty, with few supports. In this symposium we will examine recent advances in our understanding of implementation science with respect to parenting support for vulnerable families. Marie-Hélène Gagné will present data on a partnership model that brought diverse community agencies together to implement an evidence-based parenting program to a large sample of parents, including vulnerable families in Québec, Canada. Cheri Shapiro will describe an example of a US Center of Excellence structured to support local organizations in providing evidence-based parenting and other interventions. Jacquie Brown will describe the work of the Families Foundation based in the Netherlands that works with local organizations in low and middle income countries to promote the implementation of evidence-based parenting support. Divna Haslam will illustrate an example of translational research in this area by describing a pilot study conducted in South Africa on the delivery of parenting support to parents of teens. Key themes in the development of partnerships that permit flexible delivery of supports while retaining the core of the evidence base will be discussed.

Bio: Catherine M. Lee earned a Ph.D. from the University of Western Ontario in 1988. She is a full professor of psychology at the University of Ottawa where she has taught graduate courses in evidence-based services for children and families and an undergraduate course on Clinical Psychology, as well as supervising practicum students and interns at the Centre for Psychological Services and Research. Her research interests focus on family interaction, including maternal depression and child adjustment, balancing work and personal life, fathers’ involvement with their children, and the co-parental relationship. In recent years she has focused on the provision of evidence-based services to promote positive parenting, exploring ways that self-regulation is promoted. Dr. Lee is a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) and the CPA Clinical Psychology Section. She is an ad hoc reviewer for granting agencies and scholarly journals and served on the editorial boards of Canadian Psychology, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review and Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. She is the former chair of the Clinical Psychology Section of the CPA and was President of the CPA in 2008–2009. In her private practice she works with families undergoing diverse stressors and conducts assessments on parents seeking refugee status in Canada. She is a site visitor for the Canadian Psychological Association Accreditation Panel. As an accredited trainer for Triple P International she has worked with indigenous practitioners in Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Ontario.

Affiliation: University of Ottawa

Presenter: Jacquie Brown, the Families Foundation, the Netherlands

Title: Partnering with local organisations to implement Triple P – Positive Parenting Program: Can an evidence-based program developed in high income countries be effectively implemented with positive outcomes in low and middle income countries (LMIC)?

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Abstract:
Background/Rationale: Harsh discipline and corporal punishment are pervasive parenting methods in LMIC. There is a clear need to provide training so that local practitioners can support parents to develop positive parenting. Working directly with local organisations, Families Foundation builds both workforce and organisational capacity to implement and sustain an evidence-based parenting program, Triple P.

Methods: Integrating implementation science frameworks, strategies and tools Families Foundation has developed a partnership-based model of technical assistance to facilitate capacity building in five spheres: parenting, workforce skills, community planning, system networking, and monitoring and evaluation. Through virtual and in-person consultation and facilitation local organisations are supported to implement Triple P

Results: At Tshwane, South Africa 16 practitioners, over 400 parents and four communities are beneficiaries of Triple P in 18 months. Local practitioners continue to provide service with minimal support from Families Foundation. There are plans to expand to additional communities and train additional practitioners in different sectors.

Conclusions: By providing implementation science based support and facilitation evidence-based practices developed in high income countries can be adapted and successfully implemented and sustained in LMIC. Results from the evaluation demonstrate positive effect in a number of areas for parents and children and practitioners have strong satisfaction with the programme.

Action/Impact: Reduction of harsh parenting and corporal punishment and increased use of positive parenting practices has the potential to reduce violence against children, reduce violence amongst adolescents and increase positive communication between parents and children. By increasing capacity in multiple spheres potential for sustained positive impact is increased.

Bio:


Presenter: Marie-Hélène Gagné, Université Laval, Quebec City, Québec, Canada

Title: The Québec Triple P effectiveness trial: benefits for vulnerable families

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Abstract: Since January 2015, a continuum of evidence-based parenting services from the Triple P suite of programs has been offered to parents of 0-12 year-old children in two communities form the province of Québec. In each community, a local coalition of public primary care and child welfare agencies, primary schools, child daycare centres, and non-profit community organizations deliver a range of Triple P interventions of different intensities. An extensive research trial accompanies this initiative. Since the intent was to make Triple P available to every parent in targeted communities, the research design was configured as a community trial. Each community that received the intervention was matched to a control community of comparable children’s population, family poverty rate, and rates of reporting of child maltreatment.

This presentation will address two questions: does the program succeed in reaching vulnerable parents? And do these parents benefit from the program as much as less vulnerable parents? In order to answer these questions, a sample of 388 parents (22 % fathers) were studied. Among them, 295 received some form of Triple P parenting support. The control group comprises 93 parents who received services as usual, recruited in control communities. Parents completed pretest and post-test questionnaires including various measures related to parenting (e.g., parental stress, parenting practices) and child’s behaviour (a target child was identified). Findings support large, significant effects of Triple P, and a greater efficacy of Triple P over usual family support services. Moreover, programme appears as effective for disadvantaged families as for middle or high-income families, suggesting that the intervention does not increase social disparities in family health and well-being.

Bio: Partnership Chair for the prevention of child maltreatment
School of Psychology
Université Laval


Presenter: Divna M. Haslam, The University of Queensland, Australia

Title: Examining the potential use of evidence-based parenting programs in extremely low resource settings.

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Background: Little research has examined if evidence-based parenting interventions work in low resource settings. This pilot study examines the potential utility and relevance of Teen Triple P in a South African context. We hypothesized the program would results in improvements in parent and teen functioning and would be well-accepted by parents.

Methods: A pre-post uncontrolled design was used to assess the impact of Teen Triple P with 44 highly disadvantaged parents living in South Africa. Parents completed a range of validated measures before and after the 8 session group-based parenting intervention. Qualitative feedback on parent experience was also collected.

Results: Significant improvements from pre to post were found on a range of family related measures including measures dysfunctional parenting t (1, 29) = 21.48, p= .000, total behaviour problems t (1,37) = 2.37, p = .023. Parents reported high levels of program satisfaction and viewed the program as culturally acceptable.

Conclusions: The results indicate that Teen Triple P, a Western program, may be promising for use with highly disadvantaged parents of teenagers in South Africa with relatively minimal cultural adaptions. High levels of program satisfaction indicate program portability is possible if delivery is tailored appropriately.

Action: This study provides preliminary support for the use of Triple P with parents of teenagers in a low income country. A more rigorous study with a comparison control group is needed. Practitioners implementing evidence based program should make minor cultural adaptations during program delivery without compromising fidelity.


Presenter: Cheri Shapiro, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

Title: The South Carolina Center of Excellence in Evidence-Based Interventions

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Abstract: Increasing use of evidence-based interventions in real-world settings requires (1) evidence-based interventions with demonstrated efficacy and effectiveness that are ready for dissemination and (2) systems for supporting implementation. One important and growing category of supports are Centers of Excellence (COE’s) that have evolved on a national and local level to champion and enhance implementation of evidence-based and promising programs and practices to better serve the behavioral health needs of children, youth, and families (Mettrick et al., 2015). The South Carolina Center of Excellence in Evidence-Based Intervention was created to assist organizations and individuals in identification, selection, and implementation of evidence-based interventions in the State of South Carolina to support children, youth, and families facing mental illness or substance use challenges. This presentation will focus on the Center structure and activities, including a landscape workforce survey of behavioral health providers designed to examine training in and use of evidence-based interventions.

Affiliation: Research Associate Professor, Interim Director, Institute for Families in Society, University of South Carolina


Wolfgang Linden

Dr. Wolfgang Linden, CPA President 2014-2015

Keynote: The role of Psychology in heart disease and cancer: Observations on similarities and differences made during a professional lifetime

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Abstract:
Subtopics for each disease that will be compared : Patient emotional response; professionals’ response to working with these patients, design problems in tx studies, Effects of psychol tx; effects of risk factor reduction on tertiary prevention; gender differences

Bio: Current Position: Professor in Clinical and Health Psychology, University of British Columbia

Education
1975: Diploma in Clinical Psychology, Muenster University, Germany

1981: Ph.D., Clinical Psychology, McGill University, Montreal
Areas of Expertise: He sees himself as scientist-practitioner and has conducted experimental and clinical studies into mechanisms of disease, clinical trials, and systematic reviews in the following areas: Reduction of Health Risk Behaviors, Treatment of Hypertension, Psychosocial Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Psychological Factors in Cancer Care. He has written over 150 peer-reviewed articles and book chapter and 6 books, including an undergraduate textbook in Clinical Psychology that first appeared in 2011 and was also recently translated and published into Turkish and Chinese. His clinical affiliations included consultancies on the heart transplant team, the Provincial Heart Centre and the BC Cancer Agency. He previously served as board member and president of the BC Psychological Association, and also as President of the Canadian Psychological Association. For over three decades now, he volunteered as an advocate for improved mental health care in British Columbia.

Affiliation: University of British Columbia


Patrick O’Neill

Dr. Patrick O’Neill, CPA President 2003-2004

Keynote: Psychology and social responsibility: Some merits and demerits

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Abstract:
Many ethics codes in psychology make reference to the discipline's social responsibility. The CPA Code, for instance, has "Responsibility to Society" as one of its four core principles. Both the CPA and the APA Codes refer to international law as a guiding value.
Nevertheless psychology has been found on both sides of controversial issues. Race is a key example. At Ellis Island psychometrists used the skills they had honed with the Army Alpha and Beta tests to guide immigration policies leading to outrageous stereotyping of racial, national, and religious groups (Russian Jews, Irish Catholics).
On the other hand, psychologists were involved in de-segregating schools; the work of Kenneth and Mamie Clark informed the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown versus the Board of Education, which found that separate education is inherently unequal education.
Among other social issues, psychologists have worked for equal marriage (and adoption policies) in both the U.S. and Canada; APA and CPA have taken stands against the death penalty. As a consequence of psychologists' involvement in "enhanced interrogation" at Guantanamo Bay, psychological associations have adopted anti-torture stances in line with international law.
These and other aspects of the interface between psychology and society will be discussed in this talk.

Bio: Pat O'Neill received his Ph.D. from Yale University, studying Community-Clinical Psychology at the Psycho-educational Clinic. He is a professor emeritus at Acadia University, where he taught for thirty years. Pat joined the Committee on Ethics of the Canadian Psychological Association in the 1980s, and has been a member of the COE ever since. He specializes in ethical decision-making. He is the author of two books, Community Consultation with Edison J. Trickett, and Negotiating Consent in Psychotherapy. Through the 1990s he was a member of the Academic Freedom and Tenure Committee of the Canadian Association of University Teachers, ending as Chair. In the 2000s he was invited to join the Panel on Research Ethics which was creating national ethical standards for research in Canada. He was one of the authors of the guidelines for qualitative research in the Tri-Council Policy Statement (TCPS-2). Pat was President of the Canadian Psychological Association in 2003-2004, and is currently a member of the governing Council of the American Psychological Association. Pat was born in Vancouver, was a child care worker in Victoria before studying at the University of Victoria where he got his first degree. He and his partner, Janice Best, live in Wolfville, Nova Scotia.

Affiliation: Professor Emeritus, Acadia University


Dr. James Ogloff

Dr. James Ogloff, CPA President 2000-2001

Keynote: Using Psychological Science Contribute to Public Safety in the Case of Terrorists and Lone Actor Violence Perpetrators

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Abstract: For more than a century, psychologists have made significant contributions to understanding and intervening with perpetrators of offending and violence. These advances have been effected through the use of psychological science to develop assessment and intervention techniques. Over the past two decades, there has been a rise in the incidence of terrorism and lone actor violence internationally and in Western societies. Differences have been identified in the nature and characteristics of terrorism and terrorists in countries experiencing high degrees of civil unrest and terrorism compared to Western democracies. Given these differences, this paper will focus on Western societies. This paper will explore the extent to which psychological science can contribute to public safety by helping to identify those at risk for terrorism and lone actor violence, and diverting or intervening with these individuals to reduce the escalation of destructive behaviour. Case studies and empirical research will be used to demonstrate the utility of applying psychological science to terrorism and lone actor violence perpetrators.

Bio: Trained as a lawyer and psychologist, James R. P. Ogloff, J.D., Ph.D., is Foundation Professor and Director of the Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science at Swinburne University. He is also Executive Director of Psychological Services and Research at Forensicare, the statewide forensic mental health service in Victoria, Australia. Professor Ogloff was appointed a Member of the Order of Australia 2015 for significant service to education and to the law as a forensic psychologist, as an academic, researcher and practitioner. Professor Ogloff has extensive academic and clinical experience working across corrections and forensic mental health. Over recent years, this work has included populations including terrorists and lone actor violent perpetrators. He has published 17 books, more than 250 scholarly articles and book chapters. He has served as Editor of the International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, as Associate Editor of Law and Human Behavior, and he is an Associate Editor of Criminal Justice and Behavior, and an International Editor of Behavioral Sciences and the Law. Most recently, he was awarded the American Psychology-Law Society Award for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology and Law.

Affiliation: Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia


David Olson

Dr. David Olson, CPA President 1988-1989

Symposium: The Reading Wars: Alphabetic and non-alphabetic forms of writing, their demands on the cognitive processes and on appropriate pedagogies.

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Abstract: This Symposium examines the relations between forms of writing, the mental processes involved in reading alphabetic and non-alphabetic scripts, the cognitive implications of writing and reading, and constraints on appropriate pedagogies.

Bio: David R. Olson (Past-President of CPA, 1988-89) is University Professor Emeritus at OISE/University of Toronto. He is author of 20 books and numerous articles on language and cognition, most recently "The mind on paper: Reading, consciousness and rationality" (Cambridge University Press, 2016).

Affiliation: University of Toronto

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Presenter: Renate Valtin (Germany)

Title: The balanced reading approach - concepts and examples from Germany (In absentia)

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Abstract: For more than 40 years, the reading wars have been over in Germany. The old conflict between phonics and whole language methods has been resolved into a new analytic-synthetic method, a balanced approach for which concepts and examples will be presented.

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Presenter: David Share (Israel)

Title: Blueprint for a Universal Theory of Learning to Read: The Combinatorial Model

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Abstract: With the aim of moving beyond the narrow, Anglocentric and Eurocentric/alphabetocentric agenda of current reading research and practice, I propose some general guidelines for developing a universal model of early (word) reading development (the *Combinatorial Model*), one that embraces all languages and all orthographies.

Affiliation:

 


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Presenter: Becky Xi-Chen Bumgardner (Canada)

Title: Moving on from the reading wars: Phonics and whole language in different languages

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Abstract: While it is widely acknowledged that a balanced literacy approach brings the best results, there are universal and language specific aspects of reading instruction. Given that English is a deep alphabetic orthography, both phonics and whole language contribute to reading development. In Chinese, a logographic orthography, phonics cannot be used because characters represent morphemes and syllables rather than phonemes. The phonological principle (pronouncing the phonetic component of a compound character) is still useful but its role is much more limited. Reading instruction in Chinese, thus, emphasizes “whole language” in the sense that characters have to be memorized through repeated drills. On the other end, phonics may be more important for teaching transparent orthographies such as French or Portuguese. In French as a Second Language (FSL) classrooms, explicit phonological instruction is highly beneficial as decoding is a critical skill to emphasize when switching from a deep orthography (English) to a transparent orthography (French). While there is still a balance needed between whole language teaching and phonics in FSL, they work as complementary strategies wherein decoding precedes whole language teaching as a scaffolding technique in current instructional practices.

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Presenter:Roberto Viereck-Salinas (Canada)

Title: Reading and thinking in an Indigenous non-alphabetic written code

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Abstract: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, a 16th century Andean indigenous chronicler, introduced a visual code consisting of 398 images to communicate to the Spanish King, Philip III, as a substitute for and a challenge to the bias of the colonial alphabetic writing system. The visual code, like other non-alphabetic Andean codes such as quipus and tocapus, functions non-analytically, subordinate to the oral code, and was meant to be be read aloud. The visual code was, thus, an extension of orality, designed to symbolically restore a social and epistemological order that was in place prior to the Spanish conquest. Bridging the ways of representing knowledge in traditional (non-alphabetic) Indigenous cultures as opposed to modern (alphabetic) ones, is critical to understanding Aboriginal rights in Canada today.

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Discussant: David Olson


Dr. Jose Peiro

Dr. Jose Maria Peiró, IAAP President 2011-2014

Keynote: Employees’ Hedonic and Eudemonic well-being and their performance. Do results matter for professional practice?

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Abstract: In this keynote, a critical view of the Happy Productive Worker thesis will be presented and special attention will be paid to the analysis of eudaimonc wellbeing and performance. The presentation will first focus on the conceptualization of well-being and performance. Then, a model will be offered taking into consideration both the results in line with the happy productive worker thesis and the paradoxical ones that do not alling with this model. A review of the existing evidence and the theoretical grounds that support the evidence it will be presented. Moreover, both individual characteristic (.e.g happines orientation of the employees) as well as organizational ones (Human resources practices) will be considered as antecedents of the relationships between wellbeing and performace. Finally, the implications of the scientific evidence based knwoledge for professional practice will be considered and analysed.

Bio: JOSE M. PEIRO. PhD (University of Valencia, 1977). Professor of Work and Organizational Psychology and Director of the Research Institute of Human Resources Psychology (IDOCAL) at the University of Valencia. Member of the Spanish Academy of Psychology. His research focuses mainly on occupational stress and wellbeing at the individual and collective levels. He also studies team and organizational climate and culture and teamwork mediated by Information and Communication technologies. Moreover, he has carried on research on work socialization processes as well as youth labor market entry, unemployment, employability and over qualification. He has published more than 200 articles and book chapters and several books and monographs. Associate Editor of the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology (1995-2001). He has received the Aristotle 2015 Award from EFPA, the Advanced International Research and Service Award by the International Council of Psychologists (2013), the Life time award of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (2013) and the ‘José L. Pinillos award to the excellence and Innovation in Psychology’ (2016) by Psicofundación (Spain). Doctor Honoris Causa by the Univeristy of Elx (Spain) and the University Methodista of Sao Paulo (Brasil).

Affiliation: IDOCAL University of Valencia & Ivie


Daniel Perlman

Dr. Daniel Perlman, CPA President 2005-2006

Keynote: Loneliness: From Academic Pariah to the U.K.’s Appointment of a Minister of Loneliness

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Abstract: In a 1986 column entitled “The Loneliness Researcher Is Not So Lonely Anymore,” Eugene Garfield, founder of the Social Citation Index, cited data that only about a dozen identifiable social science articles on loneliness had been published prior to 1960. By the mid-1980s, however, he claimed it was becoming a topic in good standing. On January 17th, 2018 Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa May appointed a government Minister of Loneliness, presumably a first worldwide. It is fair to say that loneliness has now become an “in” area for multidisciplinary investigation and broad societal concern. This presentation will trace the evolution of loneliness research from taboo subject to a foundational element for devoting a government department to its importance. Starting with possible reasons for reluctance to study loneliness, the presentation will cover key aspects of the evolution of research on loneliness discussing four overlapping phases starting from clinical case studies to health investigation that arguably form a U-shaped curve in terms of relevance for practical applications. En route, topics to be addressed include what is loneliness (including types and differences from related concepts), how to detect it, conceptual perspectives, and studies demonstrating loneliness’ role in our well-being and longevity. The talk will end discussing efforts to prevent and alleviate loneliness, including outcome research on their effectiveness.

Those attending this session will learn about:
   What is loneliness? What types of loneliness are there?
   How loneliness differs from social isolation and depression
   How to detect loneliness
   Frameworks for conceptualizing loneliness
   Four phases of loneliness research
   Research evidence on loneliness' association with well-being and mortality
   Efforts to prevent and alleviate loneliness including research on their effectiveness

Bio: Dan Perlman is a long-time close relationships researcher and teacher in the Lewinian tradition of “there is nothing so practical as a good theory.” A team player, he has collaborated with colleagues from Canada, the U.S., the U. K., Mexico, Spain, the Netherlands, Bangladash, and China. He recently completed editing the 41-chapter Cambridge Handbook of Personal Relationships. He did his graduate studies in social psychology at the University of Michigan and the Claremont Graduate University (PhD, 1971). He has taught at the Universities of Manitoba and British Columbia (Professor Emeritus). After retiring from UBC in 2007, he took what he thought would be his “temp job” as a Professor of Human Development and Family Studies at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Eleven years later he’s still there enjoying teaching, editing, and writing. He has served as editor or co-editor of four journals and President of four societies including the Canadian Psychological Association and the International Association for Relationship Research. He has held various university administrative positions and currently is the Series Editor for the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues’ Contemporary Social Issues book series. Potential authors are invited to contact him.

Affiliation: University of North Carolina at Greensboro